In 1973, the us supreme court held that a women is protected under law to decide weather to terminate her pregnancy or not. Such protection gave way to cases such as plan parenthood V.S. Casey gave congress additional impetus to move on statutory responses to the abortion issues such as the freedom choice act. Although amendments such as these have been introduced, none have actually been passed by either the house or the senate.
In a continue debate on abortion, with the addition of both the partial/berth abortion bane act and the child custody protection act, five of the thirteen appropriations bill for FY 2,000 passed, but limiting the use of federal funds for abortion. Such cases where abortion was a necessity due to cases such as rape, incest, were a women may be suffering from a physical disorder, energy, or illness that would place in danger. With the expansion of time and persistence argument on this topic, congress has become increasingly lenient on the "Restriction on abortion."
Finally, the house committee approved the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2002 by vote which prohibits physicians from performing a "partial-birth" abortion except when it is necessary to save the life of the mother.
The Court's decision in Casey is significant because under the new standard of review more state restrictions will be able to pass constitutional muster. Also, the Court found that the state's interest in protecting the potentiality of human life extended throughout the course of the pregnancy, and thus the state could regulate, even to the point of favoring childbirth over abortion, from the outset.