A Woman's Right to Choose
According to National Health Statistics, "43% of American women will have an abortion at some time in their life." Abortion is one of the most controversial topics in our nation today. We are constantly being surrounded with advertisements on billboards, in magazines, in newspapers, and on television with slogans such as pro-life and pro-choice. The medical definition of abortion is the end of a pregnancy before viability. There are two different types of abortion. Accidental abortions, commonly known as miscarriages, are not included in the controversy over abortions. Therapeutic abortions, or terminations of pregnancy via the intervention of a physician by way of surgery or medication, are at the root of the argument. Among the arguments against abortion, pro-life is a common belief shared by Americans. It allows for abortion in a few justifiable circumstances. Pro-lifers are in favor of the rights of the fetus and the preservation of innocent lives that have merely begun.
Another popular argument is that giving a woman the right to choose is allowing her to play God. Members of a number of different religious groups hold this belief. On the other hand, Pro-choice supporters believe in the rights of the woman and regulation over one's self. Aside from being the strongest, pro-choice is the only substantial defense in favor of abortion. Although their arguments are weak and insufficient, they seem to have control of the situation at the present time.
Laws regulating abortions have changed throughout the years. Prior to Roe vs. Wade, it was up to the state and abortions were usually only performed on women at risk of losing their lives due to their pregnancy. In 1973 a single pregnant woman by the name of Roe won a case making the Texas criminal abortion laws unconstitutional...