For the past decades, homelessness remains a controversial topic for the countries all over the world. Some researches indicate that there are around 105,000 homeless people sleeping on the streets every night in Australia. (C Chamberlain & D MacKenzie, 1992) Homelessness is a difficult and complex social issue that emphasises the person's estrangement and lack of social support.Ã¯Â¼ÂAIHWÃ¯Â¼Â 2004Ã¯Â¼ÂIn the recent years, the number of homeless single women and young people has rapidly grown in Australia. The traumatic experience of homelessness contributes a serious influence to their health that is higher rates of physical disorders and mental illness. Based on Marmot and Wilkinson's social determinants of health framework, this paper will identity the issues around homelessness from three aspects: stress, unemployment and social support. The concerns of how the social problem would impact on current health format in nursing practice are also discussed.
Initially, people who are prolonged unemployed would be more vulnerable to homelessness.
Their living arrangement, family relationship and financial status are more easily to be compromised because of being homeless. For example, the people with non-English speaking background have more difficulties to access social services or being able to find a job when they migrant to Australia. From the research of (Homelessnessaustralia, n.d.), it respectively demonstrates that 12 percent of male population and 15 percent of female population of non-English speaking background in Australia accessed services for helping homelessness in 2006-2007 whilst 86 percent of native homeless people acquired assistance through the services. (Homelessnessaustralia, n.d.) Moreover, lack of employment opportunities leads to lower income, which may result in poor education and incompetency in workplace. A point out of in Australia the reason that contributes to 58 percent of young homeless people became homelessness is the unemployment. (...