Abraham Lincoln: Sectional President as Preserver of the Union
Abraham Lincoln, a sectional candidate whose election led to secession of the South, succeeded in restoring the Union and laying a strong foundation for its future greatness. Both Lincoln's military policies and his domestic programs helped to make one of the most effective presidents in American history.
Lincoln opposed slavery and chose moderate means to achieve abolition of it. He didn't like the notion of popular sovereignty Illinois's Senator Stephen A. Douglas proposed. He believed the principle was false and that slavery wasn't just going to affect the Western United States, but in reality the nation as a whole. He stated that the U.S. government couldn't carry on with part of them pro-slavery and the other against it and sooner or later they will reunite. The reason Lincoln was a sectional candidate was palpable; the North protested against slavery, whereas the South urged for the continuation of it.
When he won in the presidential election of 1860, Southerners were distraught and resulted in the secession of the Southern states. These states later became the Confederate States of America.
Although President Lincoln lacked military training and experience, he led the Union to victory in the Civil War through decisive planning and administrative strategies. Motivation was based on his goal in preserving the Union, without this, the war would have been victorious for the Confederates. Lincoln detested the idea of going into battle; however, he was not apprehensive in waging total war against the South. After many politicians-turned soldiers were appointed by the President, one general especially stood out from the rest. General Ulysses S. Grant was Lincoln's main commander in 1864 and was given full support throughout his time leading the Union army. In the Battle of Antietam, the Union won...