The aboriginals have lived in Australia for thousands of years. They had little outside contact until the British arrived two hundred years ago. The aboriginals have one of the oldest unchanged religions in the world. They believe in the Dreaming and respect the environment around them. This assignment will break the aboriginal religion into Smart's seven dimensions.
The three SOR classes in grade 11 travelled to Chillagoe on the 3rd of May, 2006. On the way to Chillagoe we stopped at Tjapukai which is an Aboriginal Cultural Park. At Tjapukai we learned about aboriginal way of life and history. After Tjapukai we went to St Stephen's College, where we talked to some local elders. At Chillagoe we went to caves and saw aboriginal art work and artefacts.
Chillagoe was near the boundary of three aboriginal tribes; the Wagaman, Wakoora and Djangun people. James Venture Mulligan was the first European person in the Chillagoe region; he found the Chillagoe- Palmer River gold field in 1887.
William Atherton built a homestead in the area and called the area Chillagoe. A wealthy man named John Moffat was interest in mining and found native copper in 1887. By 1894 there were two smelters in Calcifer and Mungana. The Chillagoe central smelters was built by 'The Chillagoe Smelting Company'. It opened in 1901, smeltering copper, gold and silver lead. The smelters finally closed in 1943. Today Chillagoe's industries are tourism, marble, minerals and cattle.
Ritual and Practical
The Aborigines used rituals to connect themselves to the Dreaming and to contact their ancestors. An example of one of these rituals is the corroboree. The corroboree is a ceremonial meeting of Aborigines. At the corroboree the participants are connected to the Dreaming through dances and music. At many corroborees the aborigines...