Essay by PaperNerd ContributorCollege, Undergraduate November 2001

download word file, 6 pages 0.0

Downloaded 63 times

Over the last thirty years, abortion policies have been the most controversial of all political and legal issues in the United States. Each state has its own laws and regulations concerning abortion. These laws mainly refer to the conditions in which abortion is legal, the requirements for minors who make the decision of having an abortion, and the government's funding for people having an abortion. The United States government has played a more dominant role in the legalization of abortion for the past thirty years. The rules and regulations enacted by the government have tried to bring a common understanding of the topic to people all over the United States.

Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy, resulting in the death of a fetus. Abortions that are induced because of an unwanted pregnancy or a risk to a woman's health have been a very controversial subject in the past thirty years.

The government's decisions on abortion have sometimes created violent opposing sides. Mainly in the area of a clinic or places where abortions are induced. (Grolier Encyclopedia) The legalization of abortion began in 1966. The state of Mississippi passed a law allowing abortion in case of rape. In the years that followed, other states adopted the idea of abortion and made a few more exceptions to the law. Other states decided it was acceptable to have an abortion if the pregnancy put the mother at a health risk, or in cases of incest. In 1973, the Supreme Court decided two cases involving abortion, Roe vs. Wade and Doe vs. Bolton. These cases legalized abortions for any reason before the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy, and if the pregnancy put a serious health risk on the mother after the 24th week. In 1976, the Supreme Court recognized the right to pregnant...