Erickson's stage of psychosocial development explains eight stages through which a healthy developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood.
According to Learning -Theories.com in its article Erickson's stages of Development."Erikson's psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood and adulthood. According to Erickson's theory, every person must pass through a series of eight interrelated stages over the entire life cycle."These stages are carried out as followed: In infancy hope is developed through the application of basic trust vs. mistrust within the the first two years of a child's life. The bonding process with parents and a child through nurturing ability and care is essential. Physical contact (visual contact and touch) play an equally essential role as well. When child care is administrated in its proper form, the child benefits in ways of developed confidence, optimistic trust and security.
If the area of child rearing is not developed during this stage, the child may develop a sense of insecurity, worthlessness, and mistrust of their surroundings.
During the toddler years (ages 18 months and 3 years) will is developed by means of Autonomy vs. Shame. By this time the child is presented with ways of learning new skills while developing its self-esteem and autonomy, as well as coming to the realization of right from wrong. The child at this stage exhibits a sense of low self-esteem when attaining a goal appears impossible. Inappropriate temperament is also present during this time.
Preschoolers (3 to 5 years) develop a sense of purpose during the initiative vs. guilt stage at this stage a child acknowledged the adult as a role model and want to imitate the role model is developed. Child voluntarily create play situation that would allow such events to take place.