LEARNING DISABILITY RESEARCH NOTES
ADHD, also known as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is a type of learning disability occurring primarily in children. A person with ADHD has notable problems of attention and hyperactivity. Even though lots of research has been made on this particular behavioural disorder, we still do not know what the cause of it is. Attention, hyperactivity, and other traits are what most children display at some point or another. Adults also can have ADHD; in fact, up to half of adults diagnosed with the disorder had it as children. This can cause poor school performance to school-aged students as they have a "mental restlessness" and can't focus very well.
1. ADHD, Combined Type: Both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms
2. ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type: Inattention, but not enough (at least 6 out of 9) hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms
3. ADHD, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: Hyperactivity-impulsivity, but not enough (at least 6 out of 9) inattention symptoms
The symptoms of ADHD include inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity.
When ADHD persists into adulthood, symptoms may vary. For instance, an adult may experience restlessness instead of hyperactivity. In addition, adults with ADHD often have problems with interpersonal relationships and employment.
The first commonly spotted symptoms of ADHD in students are:
Taking much longer than peers to complete daily homework
Low self-esteem, anxiety or depression
Significant time management challenges
Helpful copin strategies
Some helpful strategies to use for people affected with ADHD are counseling, lifestyle changes, and medications. Medications are only recommended as a first-line treatment in children who have severe symptoms. It can also be given to those with moderate symptoms who do not have success with counseling. Long term effects of medications are not clear and they are not recommended in preschool aged children.