Adolf Hitler; Early Life, Ideas, Actions

Essay by GSimmonsJunior High, 9th grade May 2009

download word file, 3 pages 5.0

Downloaded 898 times

Early LifeAdolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889. He was the fourth child of his parents, Alois Schickelgruber and Klara Hitler and lived in the Austrian town of Braunau. Two of his siblings died from diphtheria when they were children, and one other died shortly after birth.

When Adolf was three years old, the family moved to Passau, on the German side of the border. Hitler’s younger brother, Edmond, was born two years later. The family moved once more in 1895 to Hafeld. Another sister was born, called Paula in 1896. She was the sixth child.

After another family move, Adolf lived for six months across from a monastery. When he was young, Adolf wanted become a priest. There is evidence that Hitler’s father used to regularly beat him during his childhood, but it was not unusual for this kind of during that period of time.

Adolf's father died in 1903 after suffering a pleural hemorrhage.

Adolf also suffered from lung infections, and so he quit school at the age of 16, because of his ill health and also because of poor school work.

In 1906 his mother developed breast cancer and was treated by a Jewish doctor who served the poor. After an operation and a lot of painful and expensive treatments with a dangerous drug, she died on December 21, 1907.

Hitler spent six years in Vienna, living on some money from his father and on an orphan's pension. He was very poor by 1909 and he slept in shelters for the homeless. It was during this time that he developed his prejudices about Jews and his interest in politics. According a biography two of his closest friends at this time were Jewish and he admired Jewish art dealers and Jewish operatic performers and producers. Although, in Vienna Jew’s were portrayed as scapegoats.

IdeasHitler believed that the German race was the superior and he blamed many of the ills of Germany on the Jews and he believed that Jews were the cause of the downfall of Germany after World War One. He wanted a strong dictatorship government. This all led him to his "final solution", the extermination of the Jewish population using camp and prisons. He thought that the ideal race had blonde hair and blue eyes. His ideas on foreign countries were that he wanted to expand his empire by uniting all the places that spoke German, such as Austria and Czechoslovakia. Also to get all the land that was lost in the treaty of Versailles, and he wanted to re-arm places that the treaty had forbidden such as Rhineland.

ActionsHitler killed over six million Jews during the Nazi genocide - in 1933 nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be occupied by Nazi Germany during World War 2. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed. This includes about 1.5 million murdered children. This figure is made up of more than 1.2 million Jewish children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and thousands of handicapped children. They were taken from their homes; they had witnessed the murder of parents and siblings. They were starved so they got ill and they had to complete brutal labour, until they were taken to the gas chambers to be killed. All of his life Adolf Hitler had an obsession with Jews and he had always been straightforward about his plans. Hitler thought that murdering millions of Jews could only be accomplished under the confusion of a war; from the beginning he was planning a war that would engulf Europe. Hitler avoided giving a clear written order to exterminate Jews and he avoided speaking openly about killing in them. Hitler was fully responsible for the order for the mass executions in Poland in 1939 and 1940. In 1941 Hitler ordered the extermination of the "Jewish-Bolshevist intelligentsia" and the death of every potential enemy in the lived in Eastern places. He was fully aware of mass executions of Jewish civilians in these territories.

In mid September 1941 Hitler ordered the beginning of mass deportations from Germany to ghettos in Eastern Europe. During autumn 1941 and the following winter, when preparation for the Final Solution in Europe were going on, Hitler spoke at various occasions openly about the annihilation of the Jews in Europe.

It was announced in 1943 that if the Jews there don't want to work they will be shot. If they cannot work, they must rot. They should be treated like tubercular bacillus which could attack healthy bodies. That is not cruel - if one keeps in mind that even innocent natural beings like hares and deer must be killed so that no damage occurs." In Germany concentration camps were set up after 1933 to keep and kill Jews, Communists, Gypsies and homosexuals. During world war II camps were started for the only reason of killing men, women, and children. In the most of the camps more than 6 million people, mostly Jews and Poles, were killed in gas chambers. Millions of others were also interned during the war, and a large proportion died of mistreatment, malnutrition, and disease.