Adolph Hitler was born in Brannau, Austria on the 20th of April 1889. His parents belonged to the settled middle class and his father led a successful life. At age 18, Hitler moved to Vienna where he stayed for five years. He described that period of his time as the worst years of his life. As a struggling artist, he tried to gain entry into the Vienna academy of fine arts but he was refused admission into the school.
In Vienna Hitler was influenced by Lanz von Libenfels and developed very strong nationalist and anti-semitic views. In May 1913, he left for Munich. During WWI in August 1914, he enlisted in the army. He fought on the western front for 4 yrs. he was awarded the iron cross for bravery. He remained in the army and was given the job of spying on newly developing political parties.
One party was the German workers party founded by Anton Drexler in 1919.
Hitler was impressed at the first meeting by what he saw and decided to join the organization. By 1920, he was leader of this party and changed the name to the national socialist workers party. It's known as the Nazi party also.
The Nazis formed their own small army called the SA(sturm abteilung). They wore brown collared shirts. Hitler made the swastik the symbol of the party. The SA were used to protect the Nazis at any meetings or conferences that were held. Early recruits included Ernst Rohm, Rudolf Hess, Heinrich Hhimmler and Josef Goebbels. When the Weimar government faced economic and political crisis in 1923, Hitler decided to make a bid for power. This was the Munich putsch.
On 8th November 1923, Nazi's took over a beer hall in Munich. A lot of people were killed. Hitler was arrested...