Affirmative Action is the federally approved program created to protect woman and minority against employment discrimination and to increase their representation in the work force. The first of many important steps to the implementation of the Affirmative Action Program came from the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII of the Civil Right Act prohibited job discrimination and ensured employers provided equal opportunity for all job applicants regardless of sex, race, color, national origin and sex. The Act gave the power to individuals whom were discriminated against to sue in federal courts or file a discrimination complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The EEOC's responsibilities were to solve complaint and to reach a settlement between the plaintiff and the defendant. Reference: Dictionary of American History
In 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Executive Order 11246 that required federal contractors to take Affirmative Action to ensure the applicants are hired and employees are treated equally without regard of race, color, national origin, and religion.
President Lyndon B. Johnson also signed Executive Order 11375 that added sex to the list. In 1968 the Department of Labor decided that employer should hire women and minorities in proportion somewhat equal to the amount of available positions. The Department of Labor assumed that if employers failed to hire this amount of women and minorities it was a discrimination problem. If the a company fail to hire the assigned amount of women and minorities in proportion to the available positions in the company the Department of Labor would come up with strategies to increase representation. All these acts, laws and Executive Directives were the main factor on the targeting recruiting to increase the number of women and minorities. Other practices included establishing a specific number of hiring goals and timetables (labeled...