Affirmative action is an intentional inclusion of women and minorities in the workplace. Purposely introducing them into an area in the workforce which is known that they are excluded from. An affirmative action plan is a government contractor's plan containing placement goals for inclusion of women and minorities in the workplace and timetables for accomplishing the goals. (Bennett-Alexander and Hartman, 2007)Affirmative action refers to private employers that do business with the federal government. The employers are subject to the Federal Executive Order 11246. Affirmative Action was first used in 1965 by the Johnson Administration in passing executive order 11246. It stated that contractors being paid with public funds must hire employees without regard to their race, color, religion, sex or national origin. In 1967, the order was amended to include gender as a protected status. "Executive Order 11246 requires affirmative action for Federal contractors, and orders the inclusion of an equal opportunity clause in every contract with the Federal Government."
(USCCR, n.d.)All employers who enter into a government contracting agencies shall include in every contract: During the performance of a contract, the contractor agrees they will not to discriminate when hiring, terminating, promoting and pay. To take affirmative action is to ensure that applicants are treated during employment, without regard to their race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
It is mistaken that every business must follow the Affirmative Actions law. Employers with an employee count of over 50 members and having a contract with the government with the value of fifty thousand dollars or more in goods or services are the ones that were kept in line with the Affirmative Action Laws. (Bennett-Alexander and Hartman, 2007) The Civil Rights Act from 1964 states in Title VII that companies are not obligated to give preferred treatment to any group, gender,