In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued Executive Order #11246 at Howard
University that required federal contractors to undertake affirmative action
to increase the number of minorities that they employ. He wanted to ensure
that minorities were recruited to have real opportunities to be hired and
then eventually get a promotion.
In 1969, the Department of Labor exposed widespread racial discrimination of
the Construction Department so President Richard M. Nixon decided to
encorporate a system of 'goals and timetables' to evaluate federal
construction companies according to affirmative action. This idea of 'goals
and timetables' provided guidelines for companies to follow and comply with
affirmative action regulations.
During the presidency of Gerald R. Ford, he extended affirmative action to
people with disabilities (3) and Vietnam veterns (4) but there were no goals
or timetables for these two groups. This type of affirmative action required
recruitment efforts, accessability, accommodation and reviews of physical and
mental job qualifications.
President Jimmy Carter consolidated all federal agencies that were required
by law to follow the affirmative action play into the Department of Labor.
Before Carter did this, each agency handled affirmative action in its own
individual way, some were not as consistant as other agencies were. He
created the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program (OFCCP) in 1978 to
ensure compliance with the affirmative action policies.
Affirmative action began to go downhill when Ronald Reagan and later George
Bush came into office. Affirmative action lost some gains it had made and was
mor or less ignored by the Republicans in the White House and in Congress.
Affirmative action was silently being 'killed' by our federal administrators.
But among this destruction there was one positive aspect, the passage of
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (5).
Finally to the Presidency of Bill Clinton. The Republicans are...