Overview:European Aeronautic Defence and Space Co., the parent company of Airbus, announced the two-year production delay of AirbusÃÂ A380. The Franco-German defense group warned that there will be a 4.8 billion euros profit wipe off, due to the accumulated delay for the past two years. FedEx canceled its 10 orders for A380 and switched to Boeings, while Singapore Airlines ordered more. In order to turn profit and cover the total cost of 15 billion euros, EADS needs to at least sell 420 A380s. Despite the fact that they will not make a profit in short runs, the management of EADS believe A380 ÃÂshould be operating for the next 40 yearsÃÂ.
Issue: How to recognize the revenues generated from A380, whether revenues are recognised by reference to the stage (percentage) of completion of the contract activity, or recognized only on delievery when risk and reward transferred.
Revenues are recognized when the following criteria are met:1.
Earnings process is substantially complete2. Measurability if reasonably assured,3. Collectibles is reasonably assuredRevenue recognized at stagesRevenue recognized on deliveryÃÂ·Recognition (section 3400)-The CICA HB Section 3400.08 states that in the case of rendering services and long-term contracts, performance should be determined using either the percentage of completion method or the completed contract methodÃÂ Such performance should be regarded as having been achieved when reasonable assurance exists regarding the measurement of considerationÃÂ -In the case of producing A380, the aircrafts are built over long period of time, often spanning more than one fiscal year ends. -Customers who order A380 entered long-term contract with EADS. In this contract, there is a mixture of ÃÂserviceÃÂ and ÃÂgoodsÃÂ component. EADS not only receive the order of providing the service (build the aircraft), but also selling the goods (the aircrafts) -Opposed to one critical event or discrete act, the earnings process of the...