Alcoholics Anonumous. This essay tells all about AA. It goes into great detail of how it was founded and why it was founded. It even tell about the different ways it can help people.

Essay by lilrich00 August 2004

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Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) was founded in 1935 by a stockbroker named Bill,

and a surgeon Dr. Bob who were both hopeless alcoholics. The two had

initially both belonged to the Oxford Group, a nonalcoholic fellowship

headed by an Episcopal clergyman, Dr. Samuel Shoemaker. Dr. Shoemaker

and an old friend Ebby together helped Bill to get sober. Bill was also

helped by working with other alcoholics. Dr. Bob however did not have

the same initial success, but when he finally met Bill, he told him what

he had learned from Dr. Silkworth; that alcoholism was a malady of mind,

emotions and body (Alcoholics Anonymous). Dr. Bob responded well to

these ides introduced by Bill, he soon got sober, and never drank again.

The two men began work with other alcoholics at the City Hospital in Akron,

Ohio, and one patient became sober right away. Together these men made up the

first group of A.A.,

and shortly thereafter groups formed in several different


Early in 1939, the Fellowship published its basic textbook, Alcoholics

Anonymous. The text, written by Bill, explained A.A.'s philosophy and methods,

the core of which was the now well-known Twelve Steps of recovery. The book was

also reinforced by case histories of some thirty recovered members. From this

point, A.A.'s development was rapid (Alcoholics Anonymous).

The heart of Alcoholics Anonymous is in The Twelve Steps, which is a program of

personal recovery. New members do not have to accept or follow them as a whole

until they are ready and willing. It takes time for an individual to come to

terms with their problem, and that by going to meetings and listening to A.A.

members they too may begin to heal. The one prerequisite for new members is

that they must stop drinking. Only then, can a new...