In segments of present-day Albania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and northern Greece, the Hellenistic dominion of Macedon secured its beautiful highland frontiers and patriarchal ascension of Phillip II (382 - 336 B.C.) from the alien uncertainties incited to its east by Thrace, to its west by particular Illyrian tribes, and to the south by the threat of the Greek allies. King Phillip's ascension in 359 B.C. was fashioned classically, hastily radical and heretically prudent with his insertions of fresh administrative techniques on both sides of the kingdom's borders; refreshingly enough, by 336 B.C., Phillip had quelled the majority of those said external uncertainties. Administrative techniques were carried from foreign diplomacy to assimilation when Phillip arranged the strongest contemporary army in the world, 40,000 strong, derived largely in part by Phillip's Theban influences.
Sufficiently complacent under Macedon's defenses, Phillip, presumably sometime in July of 356 B.C., became the father to Alexander II in the capital of his kingdom, Pella; this made possible with his wife Olympias, the former princess and daughter of King Neoptolemus of Epirus.
Phillip's union made among Olympias and her foreign descent, as Phillip himself was half Illyrian, was to cause Alexander grief in time when the ascension of his father's throne was suspended in dispute as many Macedonians were to denounce such a marriage as illegal.
Growth in Phillip's court was rushed and of high-brow in that the consequences of tolerating one's childhood there were fruitful: Alexander's intelligence and maturity displayed itself innocently and impressively to statesmen in attendance of King Phillip's court, delighted to see the six-year-old prince interrogate them with questions of the kingdom far above his own immediate concerns. Such precociousness advertised Alexander's notable leadership potential, reassuring Phillip's confidence in his son becoming the future king. The witty youngster soon took tutelage at age sever under...