Osteoporosis is the abnormal rarefaction of bones. The disorder leads to thinning of the skeleton. There may also be inadequate calcium absorption into the bone and excessive bone resorption (Miller and Keane, 1982, pg. 814). What this can cause is that the bones become fragile and are more likely to break. If not prevented or if left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These broken bones, also known as fractures, occur typically in the hip, spine, and wrist.
In the past, it was routine to prescribe hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to reduce the effects of osteoporosis in menopausal woman. But lately, the use of HRT has become the center of controversy, and many studies condone the use of HRT for this purpose. Many studies state that HRT is unsafe and should not be the first choice drug in prevention of osteoporosis.
My thesis is that HRT is dangerous to the woman, and that there are excellent alternatives available, such as calcium supplements, or holistic and natural medications such as soya for estrogen replacement.
I feel strongly that if a woman takes care of herself, and follows a calcium rich diet and does weight bearing exercises, she will be able to reduce the effects of osteoporosis without the harmful side effects of HRT. It is my intention in this paper to outline the hazards of HRT on women, and bring my belief that alternate treatment is available that is effective and safe.
Osteoporosis can strike at any age, but it is most common in older women. Eighty percent of the people in the United States with osteoporosis are women (National Osteoporosis Foundation, 2006). According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, (NOF), when a woman reaches the age of menopause, her chances of suffering from osteoporosis increases,