People often take matters into their own hands. They also hold grudges for long periods of time. Many times for such people, revenge is a first resort. With this population betrayal is common. In Always Running by Luis Rodriguez, gang members define justice as vigilantism.
Some people have hatred towards others and hold it for an extended time. In Always Running, Chava plans for many years to go after Luis because of a grudge. Chava got stabbed several times by a gang called Lomas and because of this he is disfigured and scarred. This is explained on page 244 when Chava says, "Lomas did this - somebody has to pay for this!" People often reserve hostility against others.
Many people seek revenge. In the book Rudy gets harassed by the Sinisters (Bikers). He tells his friends what happened and they all wanted to get back at them. On page 186 someone says, "Lets get them white boys."
Retribution for the victim is a lot of times searched.
In the world today lots of people feel double-crossed. Luis' own gang friends came after him. Luis' friends feel betrayed by him because he wants to do something positive. "The homeboys tried to kill me." Luis says on page 238. Treachery is what people go through in today's society.
This book is written in such a way that it makes the reader feel like she/he is there. It also allows the reader to understand the characters. The author uses descriptive poetic language. This is shown on page 211 where says " He toppled to the ground, touched the wet sweet smelling blades of grass, and it was their simple, slight odors, sensations and sound which gripped his attention." The way the author wrote this book makes it easy to comprehend.