american history

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Institutional Affiliation


American History

Faced with World War II and the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt, also nicknamed "FDR," steered America through its supreme domestic crisis, except the Civil War, and certainly its utmost foreign crisis. His presidency that lasted for twelve years was supreme, not only in time-span but in scale. FDR became the president when the country mired in a terrible and devastating economic depression that exhausted its material wealth, spiritual strength and cast a pall on its future. Roosevelt's combination of optimism, confidence, and political savvy, resulted in the beginnings of nation's recovery.

When FDR won the seat of a governor in New York in 1928, he marked a period of political and economical comeback. In the year 1929, there was a crash on the New York stock market and to combat these economic woes, FDR implemented some innovative relief and various recovery initiatives that include; unemployment insurance, limits on working hours, elderly pension and substantial public works schemes that recognized him as a broadminded reformer[2: Hewitt, Nancy A.,

and Steven F. Lawson. Exploring American Histories: A Brief Survey. 2014. ]

The "New Deal" by FDR battled the Great Depression on various fronts. In the renowned "First One Hundred Days" of his reign, FDR pressed through legislation that saw a reform in the financial and banking sectors, attempted to cure the problems badly affecting the American agriculture, and tried to revive American industry. To meet the pressing crisis of hunger and the dreadful needs of the unemployed around the nation, FDR offered direct cash help for the poor and employment programs. [3: ibid]

In 1935, FDR oversaw the enactment of a number of the most important economic and social legislation in the history of American. The Wagner Act permitted labor unions to manage and...