Ancient Egypt

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ANCIENT EGYPT: OLD, MIDDLE, AND NEW KINGDOM

Outline

I. Thesis: Ancient Egyptians were the basis for many western traditions. Their

influences are noticable in art, architecture, and religion.

II. The Old Kingdom

A. Zoser, the first pharaoh.

1. built the famed Step Pyramid

2. brought unity to Egypt

B. Religion

1. creation

2. gods

C. Art

D. Downfall of the Old Kingdom

III. The Middle Kingdom

A. Pyramids

B. Middle Kingdom religion

1. Myth of Osiris

2. Similarties between the myth of Osiris and Christian beliefs

C. Middle Kingdom art

D. Downfall of the Middle Kingdom

IV. The New Kingdom

A. Valley of the Kings

B. Shift in religion

1. Aton

2. Akhenaton

C. New art form, naturalistic

D. Downfall of the New Kingdom

V. Conclusion

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The ancient Egyptians are considered among many to be the civilization upon

which much of the western world's views and attitudes are based.

Everything from

religion, to architecture, to art has been handed down, generation by generation, to us in

the present day. Although many of the ancient Egyptians' traditions have been modified or

altered, the majority of their core principles remains constant. Yet, despite the ancient

Egyptians' conservative nature, there were some changes within the infrastructure of their

society. Throughout the ages known as the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New

Kingdom, there has been alterations to their religion, art, and architecture. Internal forces,

as well as outside influences, have molded ancient Egyptian civilization. This paper will

attempt to determine these forces which changed the Egyptians. Modifications of

Egyptian life were subtle, but noticeable and significant nonetheless. Art, architecture, and

religion will be the focus of this paper. Let us begin at the beginning, with the Old

Kingdom.

The Old Kingdom began in the year 2700 B.C. and ended 2200...