Ancient egyptian civilization from 3100-32bc.

Essay by cadeau May 2003

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Ancient Egypt

Between 3100 and 332 B.C was the rise and climax of one of the richest and oldest

ancient civilizations. It's lifeline was the Nile river in the Nile valley. Here, Egyptian

dynasties ruled from the first cataract of the Nile to the Mediterranean Sea. At the it's

height it ruled an empire that reached from Syria in the east to Nubia in the south.

In this report I will be covering the Archaic Period, the Old Kingdom, the Middle

Kingdom the New Kingdom and The Late Period or 3100-332 B.C.

Archaic Period: 3100 B.C to 2750 B.C

There long history began with there first King who began the first Egyptian dynasty. In

3100 B.C Pharaoh Menes united upper and lower Egypt. Making Egypt's first empire. In

doing so, he made the Egyptian double crown. It was made by putting the red crown of

Lower Egypt on top of the white crown of upper Egypt.

Menes ruled from the ancient city of Thinis near Abydos. Under his reign the first

hieroglyphic writing was made. He is also credited with making his empire


Old Kingdom: 2750 B.C to 2181 B.C / First Intermediate Period: 2182-2260

Little is known about Menes successors until the reign of Zoser at the end of the 3rd

dynasty. His capital was located at Memphis on the Nile's west bank. He built the

world's first pyramid and the first building of that size to be entirely made of stone. Even

though it was a pyramid it wasn't a true pyramid, but a step pyramid.

After the reign of the last king of the Sixth dynasty (the last dynasty in the old kingdom.)

Pepi II in 2181 B.C, there was a period of crisis and social upheaval known as the First

Intermediate Period. The reasons leading...