Andrew Jackson was born in a backwoods settlement to Scotch-Irish immigrants on March 15, 1767, Andrew Jackson was to become the first "rags to riches" President the country had ever seen. He grew up in South Carolina and fought in the Revolutionary War at only thirteen and later become a major general in the War of 1812. His entire immediate family, parents and siblings, died as a cause of the war, whether it was being killed in battle or death from diseases such as smallpox. Hey wore a scar across his face from being slashed while being held captive during the war. He went on to serve two terms as the seventh President of the U.S., leaving behind a legacy of administrative policy and even his own democratic philosophy.
Jackson initiated the doctrine of rotation in office. Since ordinary men most likely be easily placed in office and serve suitably and since loyal party members deserved government jobs, no person should occupy a particular position for too long.
These political people were frequently rotated among the deserving applicants.
More nearly than any of his predecessors, Andrew Jackson was elected by popular vote; as President he sought to act as the direct representative of the common man.
He made no extensive change of government workers, in eight years about 20% of the positions changed and Jackson thereby fixed the spoils system firmly upon national politics. Jackson also relied heavily upon an unofficial circle of political partners known as the Kitchen Cabinet. These were intensely loyal political advisers who put forth much influence over the president.
The Second Bank of the United States was founded in Philadelphia in 1816. It was mainly a Republican project and a response to the expiration of the First U.S. Bank's charter. It was created...