In recent years there has been a massive surge of interest in the existence function of angels. One can find angel figurines, angel jewelry, angel greeting cards, even angel web-sites where groups discuss their experiences with regards to angelic activity. In the midst of such heightened interest in spiritual beings, Christians must examine the scriptures to determine a biblical theology of angels. For the purpose of this paper, the author will be focusing on a New Testament theology of angels.
In examining this subject, there are three major areas that must be addressed. First, one must determine if the New Testament teaches the existence of angels. If so, then one must ask , what are the nature and function of these angelic beings? If the first premise is found to be affirmative, then one must determine if all angels are still in a state of grace or if some have fallen from that original state.
If some have fallen from grace, then it must be determined if these fallen angels are under the leadership of any specific power or authority and if so, who/what is that power.
Existence of angels: The most foundational question that must be asked is, "does the Bible teach the existence of angels?" The answer to this is a resounding, "Yes!" Angels are found in thirty-four books of the Bible in two hundred seventy-five references. Christ taught the existence of angels (Matt. 18:10; 26:53).
What then does the Bible mean when it speaks of angels? The angels are a distinct order of creation and have been given a heavenly position, or sphere, above the sphere of man (Heb. 2:7-9 and Rev. 5:11; 7; 11). Angel means "messenger." In the New Testament, they are always referred to in the masculine gender.
Creation of Angels Since we see...