Animal Farm is a book written by George Orwell. It is a satirical novel with the emphasis on government and society. It includes symbols in its text that represent a bigger, moral thing. The entire content of the plot is really based completely on a real-life government.
An enemy or a scapegoat is necessary for the animals of the farm because without an enemy or scapegoat, there would be no one to fight against or make others want to fight against. An enemy provides a target to blame each and every time something does not happen according to plan or something goes wrong. If there were no enemy, it would mean the government has no one to blame faults upon; the government would actually have to take responsibility in their actions.
Education provides the animals of the farm with the means to understand the needs of a government. Such animals as Muriel were hoping to learn, which threatened leaders, because if a dictator has educated followers, the dictator would eventually be run out by the follower since his teachings show him so much of the way government is suppose to be.
Old Major is a character in the book that leads the entire crew of animals; he is the ruler in society. Boxer is a cart-pulling horse that represents the common person in real life. Benjamin, the donkey, is the critic in society. Napoleon is the challenger in society; he is the prodessor to his ruler. Snowball is the follower of the follower in society. He does not have a mind of his own; he is a second follower.
All and all, the book was unrealistic, extremely static, not prone to a suspense factor, and plain boring. It was poorly written, and for those who do not understand that...