Animal Farm is a novella by George Orwell that was written during Russia's height of Communist power. The story is an allegory whose deeper meaning concerns the Russian Revolution and rule under Josef Stalin. Animal Farm is about a farm where the animals are abused by their master, Mr. Jones. One night, a wise and elderly boar, Old Major, tells the animals of a dream he had where all animals work together, without human interaction, and are all equal, later given the name Animalism. Soon after, three pigs--Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer--lead an ousting of Mr. Jones and rename the farm "Animal Farm." It prospers under Snowball's rule, but Mr. Jones returns to repossess his farm and fails. Snowball and Napoleon bicker incessantly, and Napoleon eventually lies to the rest of the animals on the farm about Snowball's ethics, and evicts him using his guard dogs that he trained from birth.
Napoleon's leadership is not doubted nor questioned, and he becomes increasingly conspiratorial, acting against the principles of Old Major. He becomes more humanlike as he was corrupted by the power of the office that he held. The seven principles of Animalism are ultimately converted into one: All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others. Life was slavery under Mr. Jones, but it was also slavery under Napoleon.
Under Mr. Jones and Napoleon, there were some very similar ways. On Manor Farm (the previous name for Animal Farm), Mr. Jones doesn't treat the animals right. He "would lounge in his Windsor chair in the kitchen, reading the newspapers, drinking, and occasionally feeding Moses [the raven] on crusts of bread soaked in beer." (13) Napoleon would stay inside the farmhouse, forcing the animals to work hard, produce food, sleep in the cold...