Coffee trees grow in tropical regions, at an altitudes of 2,000 to 6,000 feet above sea level. Seeds are planted in nurseries or directly in the groves where the trees will grow. Coffee is a member of the madder family. It grows to about 10 to 15 feet high, but is often kept pruned to a height of 6 to 7 feet so that berries, can be harvested easily. Coffee trees begin to bear fruit when they are about 3 to 5 years old. They live for 20 to 30 years. Coffee leaves is dark green and the flower is white. When ripe the coffee berry is blackish red with yellow pulp. It contains two seeds, or beans, that are flat on one side and rounded on the other. The flat surfaces face each other. Some countries have two coffee crops each year
Coffee is prone to fungus diseases called coffee rust.
The rust attacks the leaves that weakens the plants to such extent that they can no longer produce berries. Coffee rust can be controlled by planting resistant varieties and spraying with fungicides, but outbreaks can severely reduce the coffee harvest. Some countries have two coffee crops each year. Each tree yields approximately 5 pounds (2.3 kg) of berries. These berries produce about one pound of green coffee, or slightly less than a pound of roasted coffee
Coffee Varieties : coffee has different varieties and each with varying size and colors.
Arabica - is the most widely grown
Mocha - is a variety grown in southern Arabia
Java - is grown on the island of Java
Rio and Santos - are Brazilian varieties
Colombian - from Colombia
Harvesting and Processing of Coffee Bean
Coffee berries are shaken from the tree when they are all ripen at the same time...