discuss the evolutionary relationships between the two members of each pair you have chosen. In your discussion
include structural adaptations and their functional significance.
These two structures do of course differ, because the vascular plants are much further evolved than the Algae. A few of these likely acquired traits are Xylem, and Phloem, which transport both water and food throughout the plant much like the veins in our body transport oxygen through veins and arteries, though Xylem unlike Phloem use passive transport to accomplish this.
The cuticle, or waxy covering of the vascular plants, allowing them to survive perhaps better, especially when supplied with less water, helps prevent evaporation of water from the vascular plants, allowing them to grow easily away from shallow water, which much of the algae depend on. There are many other evolved traits which the vascular plants possess as well.
Though there are differences, clearly
Prokaryotes, and Eukaryotes also share evolutionary relationships. Basic similarities between these organisms include, having nucleic acids (genetic connection), Chromosome(s), possession of ribosomes( site for creating of polypeptides), having cell membranes and walls (protection...