Apartheid is the political policy of racial segregation. In Afrikaans, it means
apartness, and it was pioneered in 1948 by the South African National Party when it
came to power.
Not only did apartheid seperate whites from non-whites, it also segregated the
Blacks (Africans) from the Coloureds (Indians, Asians).
All things such as jobs, schools, railway stations, beaches, park benches, public
toilets and even parliament.
Apartheid also prevented blacks from living in white areas. This brought about
the hated 'pass laws'. These laws required any non-white to carry a pass on him or
her. Unless it was stamped on their pass, they were not allowed to stay in a white area
for more than 72 hours.
Despite the fact that the whites only make up just over 14% of the population, they
own 86.3% of the land. However, it must be said that the Afrikaaners are entitled to
the Orange Free State and Transvaal as they were first to use it after the Great Trek of
The average South African White earns eight times as much as the average black
man. Coloureds earn three times as much as black while colords earn well over half of
what whites earn.
AFRICANS 273 Rand per month
COLOUREDS 624 Rand per month
ASIANS 1,072 Rand per month
WHITES 1,834 Rand per
(source: Modern day South Africa, Jean Heyes,
During Apartheid, media censorship was at an all time high. People were even
banned from showing Soweto on television. It was common to see a newspaper shut
down, and then start again after being halted by the government.
Up until 1985, mixed marriages were banned. This meant that a person of one race
cold not marry a person of another race. Apartheid was not only used in theory, but