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Aristotle was one of the great philosophers in the Ancient Greece. The later play writers in the western civilization seeks guidelines from his Analysis of the ideal form of a tragic plays. Aristotle used many examples from the works done by famous Greek playwrights that includes writers like Sophocles, in order to illustrate his main ideas though, Drama was not invented by Aristotle. The Aristotle believed that tragedy was the highest form of drama. This belief was based on The Greeks belief about Dramas.
In the Book, The Norton Anthology of World Literature Volume A 3rd edition Aristotle has stated his definition of tragedy as a play about a fall of a protagonist from a high position, and that the fall usually results in part from hamartia, tragic flaw. in Aristotle's view of tragedy, a tragic must fall in in his very own errors, which are typically called as "Tragic Flaws".
The Character of Hamlet who is the Prince of Denmark from Shakespeare, can be compared to the definition of tragic protagonist from Aristotle. The reason of this comparison is this that the demise of Hamlet was caused by his very own flaw in which he was unable to act, and this fact fits on the Aristotle's definition of tragic protagonist.
The Father's death, and the mothers remarriage to uncle Claudius of Prince hamlet has hurt him deeply that he sees his father's ghost which appeared in front of him, telling him that Claudius is the person responsible for his death and Claudius is the one who poisoned him. After listening this Hamlet swears to take revenge of his father's murder. Hamlet kills the court chamberlain named Polonius. After that, Polonius' son comes back to Denmark in order to avenge...