Located thirty-seven miles west of Krakow, Auschwitz was the
camp where Jewish people were killed and worked. This camp , out of
all the rest tortured the most people. At the camp there was a a place
caled the "Black Wall," this was where the people were executed . In
March of of 1941, there was another camp that started to be built.
This second camp was called Auschwitz II, or Birkinau. It was located
1.9 miles away from Auschwitz I. Peple that were chosen to come to
these camps were expelled from their homes. Their houses were
destroyed for the pupose of buildinf Birkinau. Birkinau had nine
sub-units. They were separated from each other by electrically charged
fences that lines their borders. In August 1942, the womens section at
Auscwitz I was moved to Birkinau. Nine hundred and ninty-nine women
from Ravensbruck camp and other women from different camps joined them
also. Birkinau now had over 6,000 women prisoners being held. In the
town Monowitz, another camp was being built. This camp was called
auschwitz III, or Buna-Monowitz. Other camps that were located close
to Monowitz were moved to Buna-Monowitz. The population of Bikinau was
the most densly populated out of all the camps. It also had the most
cruel and and bad conditions of all the camps in the complex. The
prisoners at Birkinau mostly consisted of Jews, Poles, and Germans.
There were a number of Gypsy and Czech Jew family camps located at
Birkinau for a period of time also. In Birkinau, the gas chambers and
the creamatoria, where the bodies were burned operated at auschwitz I.
Birkinau and all the other sub-camps were mostly forced labor camps.
The most recognized of the labor camps are, Budy, Czechowitz,
Glenwitz, Rajsko, and Furstenarube. The prisoners here...