Badarian Culture

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Emergence of the Egyptian Culture As we all know, every empire in the world has to have some form of culture to uniformly aim its goals and have the backing it needs from the people to move into the successful limelight that they have seen in the past with other cultures. We all know about the Egyptian Empire and how the ideas and beliefs of tomb building dominated it, and the successful afterlife grave. But, there is that one event just before the whole Egyptian culture came through, the set of events passed down generation, and generation before that got the whole unity in the tribes to the form of the Egyptian State. From i am going into detail about the formation of the first tribes to my best ability because of how little still is known about them, to the emergence of the upper and lower Nile river tribes and how they finally came together to rule Egypt as it was seen in the future by us.

The start of the bands was none the less as hard to understand as the current world today. They started as bands that would hunt from location to location to find food and protection by finding where the water was at the dry season. By this time bands were located in two divided geographical parts of the Nile River that latter supplies most of the transportation as well as drinking water, and water for crops. In archaeological standings, the divisions are called upper and lower Nile. Before that, we all know Homo erectus was a fully mobile humanoid and was able to walk great distances from Africa. There is now doubt that Homo erectus would not have stayed in the rich Nile floodplain for its food and water before making passage to Asia. Though there is artifacts that can prove this, there is yet a perfect dating of those artifacts. Already we see the movement of bands that are going to different places of the world following game or just moving around. The earliest dating artifact was the achuelian handaxes that were left behind by bands of Homo erectus. After the achuelian period of tools the bands started to form the bifacial axe and the Levallois system that would combine new flaking habits for the bands to get pointy spears and pointy tools, which was possibly used for the hunting game. Just after the Levallois system of flaking there is a demand for hunting seasonal hunting of the mass populating gazelles included with the other meats that were to offer like buffalo, rhinoceros, and giraffe(Shaw,21).

In this time, there were the first remains of a mining facility that contained different types of tools used to mine minerals out of the walls. This was a big break for the whole entire population because it showed some kind of power of mineral resources that gold or azul emeralds had for the culture in later years. The emergence of fishing in the plush areas that the Nile River provided was a new step in finding more animal protein needed to survive. By catching fish, the Egyptians were found to have preserved their food by smoking the fish for consumption later. With a process of preserving food, we now know the band now was able to grow and get bigger forming small villages and to gain increasingly ground. By this time, there is an increasing amount of warfare around the valley and it is probably due to tribes moving up from the southern part of the Nile. Small remains of mass graves of 50 people or more were found in Gebel Sahaba(Shaw,29).

Early remains of Neolithic culture was now coming to a beginning by the basis of cattle herding. With the decline in rain and the decline in the height of the Nile river made the people think of other things to do besides fish and hunt. Since they couldn't go back to totally hunting because of the expansion of population they had to find a way to live off the land or animals which was found with domestication of animals. Its weird because the animals could not survive in the arid land of Egypt and the humans there could not survive the land without the help of animals. So, there was this understanding that was a mutual benefit to both animal and human by domestication of animals. Even stone grinding equipment was used to break down some local plant life for consumption and with the development of ceramics, the Egyptian people were able to store food even more making life easier and more repetitious everyday. As the years passed on and on the style of flaking went and smoothing and making more possessions were more frequently seen in remains of sites. Blackened pottery, pictures on walls and now religious areas that were underground seem to have the eyes of the historians because the Egyptian culture had a big basis on religion and the laws that come with it. The tribes that lived off the Nile River for hunting was stable now saw the use of boats. Thus off of all this we came up to our first real culture in Egypt which was the Badarian culture.

The Badarian people were very big into the farming aspects of agriculture in Upper Nile. They were the starters with approximately forty villages and over six hundred graves. All this around 5000 BC, they combed and polished their pottery and found the new substance which was supposed to be used on the pyramids outer casing which was calcium. The society was so advanced it was a healthy society by the means of looking at the graves and not finding many graves of young in them. They had many storage pits lined with cloth to hold grain and other valuables from the elements. Social stratification was seen with the demonstration of unequal distribution of wealth among the people, showing the powerful, and the powerless(shaw,40). Production of hair pins, combs, bracelets, and beads in bone or ivory were some of the items that a badarian person would have on them. That is all we know of the Badarian people but they are one of the earliest forms of big time culture in the area and gave the basis of a stepping stone for everyone else to look at in forming what was to be today's greatest civilizations.