Introduction:Frederick Winslow Taylor, the father of scientific management, was born on March 20, 1865, into an upper class liberal Philadelphia family. His father, a Princeton graduate and lawyer, made enough money from mortgages and did not have to keep a regular job. His mother was a spirited abolitionist and feminist who was said to have run an under ground railroad station for runaway slaves.
Taylor's core values: the rule of reason, improved quality, lower costs, higher wages, higher output, labor-management cooperation, experimentation, clear tasks and goals, feedback, training, mutual help and support, stress reduction, and the careful selection and development of people. ÃÂHe was the first to present a systematic study of interactions among job requirements, tools, methods, and human skill, to fit people to jobs both psychologically and physically, and to let data and facts do the talking rather than prejudice, opinions, or egomaniaÃÂ (Weisford 1987).(Weisbord, Marvin R. Productive Workplaces.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers, 1987.)While on a speaking tour in the Midwest, in 1915, he contracted influenza. He was admitted to a hospital in Philadelphia and celebrated his fifty-ninth birthday there. He died the next day.
Even today his work is considered important and is followed by organizations as he not only sees money as a motivator but considers the work environment to be important too and by setting higher work standards Managers would motivate employees to have higher goals and achieve more.
Frederick Taylor invented the theoretical concept of Scientific Management while observing the actions at a steel mill in 1910, yet his work was nothing new. Taylor was an engineer and his mind was logical. From using concepts of getting things done that had been applied since the time of the ancient Sumarians, ÃÂTaylor was able to think of ways in which workers could work more...