CHAPTER 7 VOCAB Acetyl-CoA- forms when a acetyl group combines with coenzyme A.
Adenosine diphosphate- has two attached phosphate groups.
Adenosine monophosphate- has one attached phosphate group.
Adenosine triphosphate- usable energy stored in a molecule.
Aerobic respiration- occurs when pyruvic acid is metabolized using oxygen.
Alcoholic fermentation- is a process that occurs in some plant cells and some unicellular organisms, such as yeast. Pyruvic acid is converted to ethyl alcohol.
Anaerobic respiration- the combines process of glycolysis and fermentation.
ATP synthetase- an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of ATP.
Autotoph- plants and other organisms that meet their energy needs by building organic molecules from inorganic substances.
Biochemical pathway- a series of reactions from photosynthesis and respiration.
C4- a form of photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide binds to a three-carbon compound found in leaf cells.
Calvin Cycle- dark reactions of photosynthesis in which glucose is produced.
CAM- crassulacean acid metabolism, a form of photosynthesis.
Carotene- an accessory pigment of plants.
Carotenoid- the yellow, orange, and brown plant accessory pigments.
Chemiosmosis- the synthesis of ATP during the passage of H+ through a membrane.
CO2 Fixation- the binding of carbon dioxide to ribulose biophosphate during photosynthesis.
Dark reactions- in photosynthesis, the process by which ATP and NADPH + H+ react with CO2 from the atmosphere and form glucose Electron transport chain- a sequence of reactions in which an electron is passed from one molecule to another molecule in the chain Fermentation- the breakdown of pyruvic acid without the use of oxygen Glycolysis- the breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid Granum- a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast Heterotroph- an organism that cannot make its own food Krebs cycle- the central process of aerobic respiration Lactic acid fermentation- the process by which pyruvic acid is converted to lactic acid Light reactions- the phase of...