The Birth Of The "American"Ã¯Â¿Â½ Throughout history, the United States has come to be known as the "champion of democracy"Ã¯Â¿Â½, a new order based on free speech, individual freedom and human rights, and sovereignty of it's nation states. Knowing this, it is hard to fathom that a country so strong, proud, and powerful sprouted up out of literally nothing without much help from anyone. As little as 224 years ago, a small population of immigrants braved hunger, disease and the Unknown of a strange land in order to establish a free new world for the persecuted and the outcast. These people fought against all odds, overcame every obstacle, and defended their right to basic human freedoms to become what we call today, an American.
The economic theory that sparked Britain's first interest in the idea of colonialism was a concept known as Mercantilism. this term is best defined as an economic system developed specifically to unify and increase the power and especially the monetary wealth of a nation by a "strict governmental regulation of the entire national economy usually through policies designed to secure an accumulation of bullion, a favorable balance of trade, the development of agriculture and manufactures, and the establishment of foreign trading monopolies"Ã¯Â¿Â½.
To incite this idea further was the discovery of a strange new land, there for the taking, inhabited only by native savages. For the most part, Britain viewed the settling of the "new world"Ã¯Â¿Â½ as a profitable investment, a win-win situation so to speak.
Incidentally, the first settlers of this neoteric land were made up primarily of those seeking refuge from religious persecution, as well as the poverty-stricken from such countries as Britain and the diverse people of Holland. These brave initial settlers were faced with countless trials and tribulations in order to...