A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE GUITAR
In ancient times hunters found that by holding their bows to their mouths and plucking the string they could make all sorts of boinging sounds; who would have thought that now five thousand years later, what began as a simple hunting bow would evolve into an instrument as widely played and recognized as the guitar.
While many argue that the guitars roots lie in Spain, the evidence shows that when the Moores invaded Spain in 711 A.D., they brought with them a stringed instrument called the rebec (an ancestor of the guitar). Also crusaders returning to England and Gypsies wandering west from Persia during the twelfth century brought with them versions of the lute, a small stringed instrument with a rounded back, and vihuela. Both of these instruments are ancestors of the guitar.
Going even further back, most historians believe that the guitar originated in Egypt nearly five thousand years ago.
It stayed in Africa where it was called the okongao or cora(and is still played today, by several tribes, in the original "bow" form). Until it was later transplanted to Europe.
The Greek God Apollo, the God of Archery as well as music, which is interesting as the guitar evolved from the bow, is a prominent figure in the history of the guitar. In one myth, Hermes climbs out of his cradle to steal the cows of Apollo. On the way home, Hermes kills a turtle and builds a guitar from the shell. Hermes then plays the guitar, which Apollo hears. Apollo then follows the sounds of the guitar until he finds Hermes. According to the myth Apollo agrees not to kill Hermes in return for the turtle shell guitar.
Other early guitars were made by stringing wires across clay pots, strings between...