Facts about the country
Canada, located on the continent of North America, is geographically the second largest country in world (after Russia) and is situated bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the US. It's geographic coordinates are 60 00 N, 95 00 W and its total land area is 9,984,670 sq km, somewhat larger than the US. Canada's climate varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north. Canada's terrains are commonly mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast, but approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 300 km of the US border. Canada's approximated population totals to 32,507,874 (July 2004 est.), with a 0.92% population growth (2004 est.). The age structure seems to comprise 68.7% of people 15-64 years old, with only 18.2% people 0-14 years, and 65 years and over 13%.
As a moderately wealthy, ultra-modern industrial society, Canada today closely match up to the United States in its economic system and high comfort level. Given its great natural resources, skilled labour force, and modern capital plant Canada enjoys solid economic prospects. A key strength in the economy is the large trade surplus.
Canada has a very low Unemployment rate of only 7.7% with budget revenue of $178.6 billion and expenditures of $161.4 billion, including capital expenditures.
Industries include transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products; wood and paper products; fish products, petroleum and natural gas
Canada produces approximately 566.3 billion kWh of electricity each year. The source of energy production; fossil fuel: 28%, hydro generated: 57.9%, nuclear: 12.9%, other: 1.3% (2001). Energy consumed every year is 504.4 billion kWh, where 38.4 billion kWh is exported to other countries.