The marketing mix is a recipe for effective marketing. Using the marketing mix when planning the marketing for a product allows for a consistent approach.
Getting a good balance of the 4 Ps will mean an effective marketing campaign.
The main pricing strategies are
Cost plus pricing
COST PLUS PRICING
This is the simplest pricing strategy and is aimed at ensuring the business covers its costs and makes an acceptable profit. The total costs of producing one unit of the product are calculated to which is added the required profit margin. This gives the selling price.
Where the amount of competition in the market is strong so customers have a wide choice of suppliers to buy from businesses must set their prices close to the prices of competitors, having regard to the quality of the product and any unique selling points (USPS)
In penetration pricing the products price is set significantly lower than any competitors' prices.
This pricing strategy may be used where the objective is to enter or capture a larger share of the market, but may yield a low profit or even a loss in the short run. The price is usually raised later.
Where a new product is likely to generate a high volume of initial sales (because it is a new product) a high price may be charged in order to maximise profits. The price will be reduced when the initial high demand has subsided.
Eg. Apple, Xbox, Playstation
A destroyer pricing strategy involves setting a price so low that competitors cannot match it. In this way they will lose customers and be driven out of the market. The price can then be raised without threat of competition.