Running Head: CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
Capital punishment or Death penalty is a mode of punishment by execution or death for committing serious crime. In the other words, we can say that it is the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime. Most of the executions, since early 1800's, have been of murder cases. Convicts of serious crimes such as treason, rape, armed robbery, and kidnapping have been sentenced to the capital punishment. Convicts are put to death according to judicial provision when they commit capital crimes in this practice (Fridell, 2003). These are crimes so serious that warrants punishment by death. Capital punishment is used interchangeably with capital punishment. This is a controversial subject with some supporting while others oppose strongly.
Capital punishment Acts As a Deterrent
It has been shown by multiple studies that the capital punishment does in fact serve as a deterrent to future criminals.
Countries and states that implemented the capital punishment have considerably lower crimes than the rest of society.
The most striking protection of innocent life has been seen in Texas, which executes more murderers than any other state. According to JFA (Justice for All), the Texas murder rate in 1991 was 15.3 per 100,000. By 1999, it had fallen to 6.1 -- a drop of 60 percent. Within Texas, the most aggressive capital punishment prosecutions are in Harris County (the Houston area). Since the resumption of executions in 1982, the annual number of Harris County murders has plummeted from 701 to 241 -- a 72 percent decrease (Fridell, 2003).
During the temporary suspension on capital punishment from 1972-1976, researchers gathered murder statistics across the country. In 1960, there were 56 executions in the USA and 9,140 murders. By 1964, when there were...