The outburst of new human thoughts and ideas throughout Europe after a tyranny of the dark ages is known to be Renaissance. The Renaissance was a time of cleansing for Europe. Renaissance provided, a regenerated self-confidence in human race, it put forth the era of education and knowledge and a storm of theories and the thoughts (Rosamond, pp 121-124). The transition from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance period sparked revolutionary transformations in education art and religion (Charles, pp 45-49). One of the most prominent differences in the fourteenth century was the utilization of art for presenting the thoughts swirling in the mind of the humans. The focus of attention was art and the literature and people were able to get back the faith, they were missing during the dark ages (Rosamond, pp 121-124).
Macedonian Renaissance made its presence felt in the 18th Century but it progressed under the rule of Macedonian Emperors' between 886 and 959. The primary focus of the first wave of literary active was the accumulation and usage of more former stuffs like: Chronography, Bibliotheca, The Suda (encyclopedia of Greek literature and history), Photius, George Syncellus and Greek Anthology. Under the rule of Comnenian emperors, Byzantine literature reached a plateau like that of Late Anna Komnena and Antiquity Michael Psellus (Rosamond, pp 121-124). Many scholars from Byzantine Empire migrated to Italy during 14th century Renaissance.
The rise of the European civilizations took place with the fall of the Roman Empire in the Early Middle Ages. The result was the establishment of the Germanic states due to disintegration of the Roman Empire. It was an amalgamation of classical tradition, the Christians and the Germans. Charlemagne was the Carolingian ruler who was the first sign of the medieval European world...