Caroline G. Mendez
A Case of Water Diabetes
5. Diabetes Mellitus differs from Diabetes Insipidus because Diabetes Mellitus results from the
body not being able to produce insulin while Diabetes Insipidis is a condition in which the
kidneys are unable to conserve water. Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus are unrelated,
although they can have similar signs and symptoms, like excessive thirst, both non-curable, and
excessive urination. Differences between the two are:
6. Diabetes Insipidus refers to the abnormal state of water diuresis, and Diabetes Mellitus refers
to the abnormal state of osmotic diuresis. Diabetes Insipidus causes diuresis due to hormonal
Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Mellitus
Excessive thirst, excess volume of severely
High blood sugar, excessive urination,
increased thirst, increased hunger.
3 in 100,000 people 7.7 per 1000 people
Typically desmopressin (nasal spray) or IM,
IV hypertonic saline solution (3% or 5%).
Insulin and lifestyle management
No effect on life expectancy Up to 10 years shorter life expectancy
imbalances while Diabetes Mellitus causes diuresis due to high blood sugar leaking into the urine
and taking excess water along with it.
7. They both have an inappropriate secretion of the antidiuretic hormone. Diabetes insipidus
doesn't produce enough ADH or respond to it, thus produces too much urine. SIADH is the
opposite and retains too much water, rather than excreting it excessively in DI.
8. Polyuria-sickle cell diseases, pyelonephritis. Polydipsia-Diabetes Insipidus and other
conditions that create water deficit. Other commons causes are:
9. DDVAP is a synthetic analogue of the natural pituitary hormone 8-arginine vasopressin
(ADH), an antidiuretic hormone affecting renal water conservation. It is indicated for patients
with hemophilia A with factor VIII coagulant activity levels greater than 5%. DDAVP will often
maintain hemostasis in patients with...