case of diabetes insipidu

Essay by carolinegmendezHigh School, 11th gradeA+, November 2014

download word file, 2 pages 0.0

Mendez, �1

Caroline G. Mendez

Period C


Mrs. Sturgis


A Case of Water Diabetes


5. Diabetes Mellitus differs from Diabetes Insipidus because Diabetes Mellitus results from the

body not being able to produce insulin while Diabetes Insipidis is a condition in which the

kidneys are unable to conserve water. Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus are unrelated,

although they can have similar signs and symptoms, like excessive thirst, both non-curable, and

excessive urination. Differences between the two are:

6. Diabetes Insipidus refers to the abnormal state of water diuresis, and Diabetes Mellitus refers

to the abnormal state of osmotic diuresis. Diabetes Insipidus causes diuresis due to hormonal

Diabetes Insipidus Diabetes Mellitus

Excessive thirst, excess volume of severely

diluted urine.

High blood sugar, excessive urination,

increased thirst, increased hunger.

3 in 100,000 people 7.7 per 1000 people

Typically desmopressin (nasal spray) or IM,

IV hypertonic saline solution (3% or 5%).

Thiazide diuretics.

Insulin and lifestyle management

No effect on life expectancy Up to 10 years shorter life expectancy

Mendez, �2

imbalances while Diabetes Mellitus causes diuresis due to high blood sugar leaking into the urine

and taking excess water along with it.

7. They both have an inappropriate secretion of the antidiuretic hormone. Diabetes insipidus

doesn't produce enough ADH or respond to it, thus produces too much urine. SIADH is the

opposite and retains too much water, rather than excreting it excessively in DI.

8. Polyuria-sickle cell diseases, pyelonephritis. Polydipsia-Diabetes Insipidus and other

conditions that create water deficit. Other commons causes are:

9. DDVAP is a synthetic analogue of the natural pituitary hormone 8-arginine vasopressin

(ADH), an antidiuretic hormone affecting renal water conservation. It is indicated for patients

with hemophilia A with factor VIII coagulant activity levels greater than 5%. DDAVP will often

maintain hemostasis in patients with...