GEK1016/AR1222 HISTORY & THEORY OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE
CASE STUDY HOUSES
Submited by Tutorial Group 11:
U077674A - Mark Chen U077666E - Leong Soon Yuan
U077677M - Lim Wei Lun
U077690Y - Ashley Yong
U077671U-Neo Hwee Tiat
Case Study Houses
Chapter 1 - Brief
The idea of American Modernism came about before World War Two, aims to create, improve, and reshape the environment with the aid of scientific knowledge, technology and practical experiment.1 However, the rise of architecture in American Modernism was slowed down with breakout of World War Two where most of the attentions were focused on the war commitments. Thus, as soon as the war was over during 1945, architectural activities sprang up quickly. Along with the line of thoughts of American Modernism, art is to be included in everyday life and in touch with the general public. Case Study Houses Programme was then introduced as one of the main strategy to push forward the idea.
The Case Study Programme was carried out mainly in Los Angeles, San Francisco and one in Phoenix, Arizona. This series of case study houses works like an exhibition too; the house has to be open to the public for viewing 6-8 weeks after completion. For its first six houses, 350,000 visitors went. The Case Study Houses Programmes lasted until 1966 due to the American intervention into the Vietnam War where attention and finance was once again diverted to war commitments.3
Chapter 2 - Characteristic/Ideology of the movement
The main players of the Case Study Houses Programme includes John Entenza who was the organizer, who later invited Raphael Soriano, Charles Eames, Craig Ellwood, Pierre Koenig, Richard Neutra and William Wurster as the participants. This program is sponsered through John Entenza's Arts and Architecture magazine, which it plays a significant role in the...