Causes of the American Revolution

Essay by mistroJunior High, 9th grade May 2004

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American Revolution which was from 1775-83, was a struggle by which the Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic seaboard of North America won independence from Great Britain and became the United States. It is also called the American War of Independence.

In 1763, after the French and Indian War, the British King, George III, issued a Royal Proclamation. This proclamation stated that no more settlers were to go on Indian land west of the Appalachian Mountains and the settlers that already lived there had to move. The King drew a line on a map along the middle of the Appalachian Mountains, saying that no colonists were to settle west of that line. He issued the proclamation because the Indians were getting mad and fighting back when settlers came on to their land. Another reason for which the King issued the proclamation was because he did not want to send troops to protect the settlers.

People were very irritated with the new law so they paid no heed to it and continued to settle there anyway. This resulted in Colonial discontent because the colonists thought that the British government was more interested in Britain's well being that in helping the Anglo-Americans, which was correct to some extent.

In 1765 King George III needed to regain the money he lost from fighting the French and Indian War, so he passed the Stamp Act. This Act made the colonists pay taxes on various items such as paper, legal documents, news papers, ship papers, other publications, and even playing cards. People would buy the stamps from a stamp commissioner and then put it on items that required them. They money was supposed to pay for defending the colonies of America but the colonists refused the taxation without...