The structure of American society is highly conducive to social change and predictions relating to trends of social change have proven difficult to make. Generally one will see that several different factors affect social change, which are generally complex and varied. An examination will be made as to the effects of population, urbanization, bureaucracy, technology, and ecology on American society.
Major growth or decline in population is likely to generate social change. The population total depends on the birth rate, death rate, and immigration patterns. In the United States the birth rate is considered low at 14.14 per thousand (Central Intelligence
Agency). The death rate is also comparatively low at 8.44 per thousand (Central Intelligence Agency). The United States is considered as having a relatively low growth rate at.7%. By using the current growth rate and assuming it will remain steady the United States will double its population in approximately 90 years.
The National Commission of Population Growth and the American Future (1972) reported that population growth threatens severe problems for American society and recommended a national policy of zero population growth. A rise in population puts new demands on societies economic and political institutions. More of everything is needed such as food, clothing, housing, schools, hospitals, and governmental agencies. Farmers must farm for technology to increase the productivity of the land. Cities become crowded and rural land becomes urban and pollution increases. With the estimated increase in population, it has been speculated that the quality of life will suffer and there will possibly be serious social problems.
Large-scale urbanization is a characteristic of American society today. Commercial and industrial development has provided an urban "pull" and cities have grown. Nearly all problems that effect modern society have their origin in the cities. A small number of wealthy people...