Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 12th grade September 2001

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Cezanne (1839-1906) "“ Pre 1900 Cezanne's work is the most difficult to understand. His aim was a striving to create a new way to express artistic from or volume, not in the traditional way with tone, but with the use of colour. He was not concerned with representing the shimmering surface of things as were the Impressionists, or the illusion of from in the Turner manner, but he sought to bring out the structure of objects and their solids character, and this was done mainly by manipulating colour. His aim was not to depict the actual subject as seen by the eye, but to create a great painting. He determined "to make Impressionism something solid and enduring like the Old Masters". The Old Masters, Masaccio, Michelangelo, Titian and Poussin, achieved solidity of form by means of light and shade, but Cezanne attempted to obtain a similar result with carefully placed strokes of colour- one thing he retained from Impressionism.

The Impressionists set out to capture the gleaming surface of things in a moment of time; Cezanne, through long study and great effort, endeavoured to invest his paintings with a feeling of substance and permanence. He tried to bring out the inner life, and at the same time to impose a monumental image like Poussin, but without his artificiality.

Cezanne studied diligently the effect of every line (horizontal, vertical, sloping and curved) in the composition. He found that he could produce a feeling of great solidity, as well as a sense of limited space, by using warm colours to bring parts forward and cool colours to make parts recede; in other words, he constructed forms mainly with colour instead of tone. He did not attempt to paint the variations of morning noon or evening, or bright or dull...