New Monarchs were monarchs who ruled during the late fifteenth century and early sixteenth century, they were labeled "New Monarchs" because they unifies their nations, created a centralized government and were concerned with maintaining army, national pride and fostering trade and religious unity.
Henry VIII was considered a New Monarch because he restored England from bankruptcy, by ruthless taxation. Which wasn't as bad as supposed since those who had previously paid little would have to pay more and those you paid much before would still have to pay even more. So the nobles would also pay increased taxes, therefore everything was equal. He is seen as a new monacrch because he unified his country be regulating trade for every social class. In addition to his economic reforms he built up the royal navy and checked the power of the nobility.
Isabella I and Ferdinand II of Spain were also considered new monarchs because of there constant pursuit of religious unity.
With the help of the newly formed Spanish Inquisition they expelled the jews and the moors, and conquered Granada, a muslim kingdom. They kept their country strongly Catholic. During there reign they also approved the voyage of Columbus, fostering exploration and trade.
Louis XI first task in office was to centralize authority in the crown. The lesser nobility, the bourgeoisie, and the lower classes supported Louis, but the nobles opposed him because he undermined most of their power, he chose those of humbler backgrounds to serve with him and around him, unifying the lower classes with the upper. He imposed heavy taxes, using much of the revenue to purchase support. He also encouraged industry and expanded domestic and foreign trade. I believe he should also be considered a new monarch because of his attempts to reorganize the French...