Ernesto Guevara was born in l928. When he was two, he moved to
Cordoba, Spain, because of asthma. As a young child, Guevara became
interested in reading Marx, Engels, and Freud found in his father's library.
As he grew up, he watched the Spanish refugees from the Spanish Civil War
fight against the fascist dictator, Francisco Franco. Mr. Guevara was
influenced by the war and refugees. He began to hate military politicians, the
U.S. dollar, and parliamentary democracy. Ernesto's parents were both anti
In Buenos Aires, Mr. Guevara went to medical school. He graduated
in l953. After several years, Ernesto went to Guatemala writing articles on
the Inca and Myan ruins. During his stay in Guatemala, he had the chance to
become a government medical personnel. He refused this chance because
he did not want to join the Communist party. Therefore, he was penniless
for a number of years.
Shortly thereafter, Guevara met one of Fidel
Castro's lieutenants with whom he fled to Mexico City.
In Mexico City, he also met Fidel Castro, and his brother Raul. In
Fidel Castro, he saw a great Marxist leader that he was seeking. Guevara
joined Castro followers at a farm where they were training for guerrilla war
tactics. The tactics were those first used by Mao Tse-Tung. At this time,
Ernesto Guevara first was nick named 'Che', which is Italian for pal.
The group invaded Cuba, where Che was commander of the
revolutionary army. From then on, he was known as the most aggressive,
clever and successful guerrilla officer. He also got the reputation for cold-
blooded cruelty. One reason for this reputation was because of his orders
to mass execute followers of the former Cuban president Batista. There
after, Che Guevara was second only to Castro in the...