Running head: Case Study of AshleyCase Study of AshleyIntroduction: This case study is of an 8-year-old girl, Ashley. This case study will provide Ashley's educational and personal background and evaluate the intervention programs in the school settings, and Ashley's family background. Ashley has been diagnosed by her pediatrician as having Autistic Spectrum Disorder, because of the severity of her needs in terms of communication and reciprocal social interaction. Ashley is lucky that her parents took the time to notice and were able to catch her autism when they did.
Background: Although Ashley emerged from a caesarean delivery with slight surgical complications, she failed to reach her developmental milestones early in various areas. She was only able to sit on her own at 12 months and crawled at 13 months. When she was 20 months old, she finally learned how to walk. At the same time, Ashley did not have good eye contact.
Moreover, she had sensory problems, being both hyposensitive and hypersensitive in certain senses. Finally, Ashley exhibited delays in her expressive speech: she said her first words between 24 and 28 months and started using two-word combinations when she was already three years old.
Ashley is the youngest child in a family of three children. She has a 14-year-old brother and a 10-year-old sister, neither which have Autism. At home the family speaks English. Her father said that Ashley's English was not good and also at her school Ashley's teacher noted that she struggled with the spoken language and had limited vocabulary.
Ashley's autistic symptoms are manifested in her difficulties with sustaining her interaction with her peers. Although she is beginning to initiate some interaction with them, she demonstrates a preference for solitary activities. Moreover, she continues to exhibit difficulties with maintaining sustained eye contact with others. While...