How and why does Scrooge change during the course of the novel?"A Christmas Carol" was published in 1843 during the time when London was a politically divided city. The poor were suffering with many of them starving and the rich would be eating plentifully and living in luxury. The poor who had jobs would be paid very poorly but they had no choice but to accept it otherwise they would starve, there was no welfare state or trade unions to protect them this meant they were at the mercy of the employers. Earning even a little kept workers alive and it was better than going into a work house where many suffered greatly.
In 'A Christmas Carol' Dickens presents Scrooge as a rich employer in London, who is extremely wealthy, cruel, selfish and heartless and he is in need of redemption otherwise he will suffer in hell, like Marley, weighed down by the chains of his past until the end of the world.
Scrooge is given one final chance to change and to save his soul from eternal damnation. He is taken on a journey by the three spirits of Christmas past, present and future, who force Scrooge to realise his own cruelness, selfishness and lack of heart which would inevitably lead to his everlasting damnation.
In chapter one Scrooge is presented to be a wicked businessman desperately in need of redemption. Dickens shows Scrooges wickedness in many different aspects, he is described as a "squeezing, wrenching, grasping scraping, clutching covetous old sinner!" This shows Scrooge to hold onto what ever he can, and making sure every little piece of value can be used out of it. This is what Scrooge does with his money, he will even sin if he can keep it, he will show no heart or...