A Cognitive Contribution
The cognitive study of psychology is a viewpoint based on the function of the mind and how it relates to the behavior of an individual. Thus the core of the cognitive study is of mental processes called mediational processes. These mediational processes are defined as processes or events with in an individual that comes between the stimulus and the response. The internal focus of this approach emphasizes processes such as perception, memory, problem solving, and language. Because of the cognitive's strong concentration on the mind, their experiments and assumptions reflect the focus. The types of experiments that cognitive psychologists use are experiments computer science, and case study. Therefore In the use of experiments, the cognitive people use both human and non-human participants.
The basic assumptions of the cognitive approach are that behavior can not be predicted or control with out reference to the mediational processes.
Also, this approach shows a strong emphasis on information processing and functional models with out reference to structure. The cognitive focus differentiates the cognitive perspective from both the biological and learning perspectives. The cognitive approach differs from the behavioral approach because the cognitive people emphasize the processes in between the stimuli and the response. This approach differs from the biological approach because the cognitive people study the processes of the mind, which does not allow for reference of the mind's structures. The conceptual basis for the cognitive approach differentiates this perspective from the physiological study of the biological perspective.
The first appearance of the cognitive viewpoint was by a psychologist by the name of Wilhelm Wundt. Wundt's study was specifically in sensory processes, and although it was primitive his studies held great impact in the psychological world. The lack of technological advancements restricted Wundt in his study of mental...