Cognitive Psychology

Essay by Manuels1999University, Bachelor's March 2009

download word file, 5 pages 5.0

Cognitive Psychology is when an individual faces a problem, they may not know its solution, but might have insight, increasing knowledge, and a notion of what they are looking for. When an individual faces a mystery, however, they might only be able to stare in wonder and puzzlement, not knowing what an explanation would even look like. Many theories have been projected over the years to explain the developmental adjustments that individuals experience over the path of their lives. These theories vary in the beliefs of human nature they embrace and in what they consider to be the essential causes and means of human inspiration and behavior. Cognitive psychology has had many stemmed milestones and has become one of the major schools of thought within psychology which examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language, studying how people think, perceive, remember, learn, and then behave.

Key MilestonesIn the late 19th century many psychologists became more and more fascinated in cognition.

After following earlier behaviorists and their theories, such as Jean Piaget in the early 19th century with his interest in child thought, B.F. Skinner in the mid 19th century with his language and operant conditioning, or even Noam Chomsky who disputed B.F. Skinner's theory a few years after. What substituted these behaviorists' theories after many uncertainties of proficiency was what is called cognitive psychology today. The fascination with cognition began to expand and cognition became an extreme inspiration within psychology being called the cognitive revolution then appointed the name of cognitive psychology.

Milestones within the development of cognitive psychology could start with the name Wilhelm Wundt a psychologist who was one of the firsts to recognize the discipline of psychology in his laboratory which was started in the late 18th century. Wundt believed that psychology was rooted...